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We're a group of historians who create historical walks in Moscow. We offer best quality and use a new approach of explanation. Our mission is to share the history, culture, spirit of Moscow with everyone who has a profound interest in history and culture.We enjoy what we do!

Monday, October 10, 2011

The beginning of 19th century

here I continue with Russin history.

The beginning of the 19th century was quite unhappy.
In 1801 Emperor Pavel I was killed by his own people. In school we just study the fact "he was killed and his son succeeded". But what was the reason for such a crime?
As we know, it was nearly the 2nd case of leader killing in Modern History of Russia. What terrible did he do to be killed?

In the beginning of the 19th century Russia was a friend of England, also Pavel started to be a leader of Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Englishmen cooperated with Russia (as we were friends) against Napoleon and took Malta island which was under french occupation.
Pavel was furious! How could they take his island?
He changed his mind and cooperated with Napoleon against England.

This seemed good through the eyes of Pavel I, but it was an economical destruction in merchants' eyes: 3/4 of all wheat grains (the main sourse which was exported (as oil now) were exported to England.

Now some historians think - there was a plot among richest merchants which aimed to kill Pavel I, some think that Russian people (especially aristocracy) were too tired of his madness (he used to prohibit french dresses/things, etc.), after he turned to France - he sent a military troop to India to fight against England there.

Anyway - one dark night Pavel I was killed. His son, Alexander, who succeeded him, had known about the plot, and later was blamed for it.
From Alexander's time Russia started to lead reasonable policy. Except one thing - peasantry, as we had serfdom.

Peasantry serfdom will be the next topic.

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